The seed is the first link in the food chain – and seed sovereignty is the foundation of food sovereignty. If farmers do not have their own seeds or access to open pollinated varieties that they can save, improve and exchange, they have no seed sovereignty – and consequently no food sovereignty.
The deepening agrarian and food crisis has its roots in changes in the seed supply system, and the erosion of seed diversity and seed sovereignty.
Seed sovereignty includes the farmer’s rights to save, breed and exchange seeds, to have access to diverse open source seeds which can be saved – and which are not patented, genetically modified, owned or controlled by emerging seed giants. It is based on reclaiming seeds and biodiversity as commons and public good.
The past twenty years have seen a very rapid erosion of seed diversity and seed sovereignty, and the concentration of the control over seeds by a very small number of giant corporations. In 1995, when the UN organised the Plant Genetic Resources Conference in Leipzig, it was reported that 75 per cent of all agricultural biodiversity had disappeared because of the introduction of “modern” varieties, which are always cultivated as monocultures. Since then, the erosion has accelerated.
Posts Tagged ‘#Farming’
Tags: #corporatism, #capitalism, #agriculture, India, #Environment, #Farming, Food, Vandana Shiva, Food sovereignty, Biodiversity, Open pollination, Monsanto, GMO
Tags: #agriculture, #Farming, #Gardening
GROW BIOINTENSIVE was developed by John Jeavons and Ecology Action. It has been successfully used in 142 countries around the world. This film was produced to further a global movement toward biologically‐intensive sustainable farming and the work of Ecology Action and G‐BIACK.
Tags: #agriculture, #compost, #Farming, #fungicide, #Gardening, #soils
To make a batch of the extract, simply mix one part well-rotted compost (that contains a mixture of plant matter and animal manure) with six parts water. Stir well. Let the mixture stand for about a week, then filter it through cheesecloth. Spray the liquid (undiluted) on plants, or use it to soak seeds overnight.
The German researchers say that compost extracts cause surface concentrations of phenols (chemicals that are toxic to fungi) to increase considerably. This results in induced resistance to fungal infections. Extracts from compost containing (any kind of) animal manure result in much better resistance than ones from only plant material.
Plant resistance typically declines about seven to 10 days after treatment, so for best results, repeat applications every five to seven days.
Tags: #agriculture, #Farming, #Gardening, #sustainability
With the oil crisis looming, this program highlights a sustainable and biodiverse way of farming which works with the natural landscape.
Tags: #agriculture, #Environment, #Farming, #Gardening, #permaculture, #sustainability
The Food Forest is being developed by Annemarie and Graham Brookman and their children Tom and Nikki, to demonstrate how an ordinary family, with a typical Australian income can grow its own food and create a productive and diverse landscape.